Theories have their own history and reflected the concerns of the time in which they were developed. This unit examines some theories that offer ways of approaching the subject of international communication and assesses how useful their explanations are in terms of an understanding of the process involved. This is by no means of comprehensive account of theories of communication nor does it set out on an all embracing theorization of the subject, but looks at the key theories and their proponents to contextualize the analysis of contemporarily global communication system.
It is not surprising that theories of communication came into force in parallel with the stupendous social and economic changes of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, reflecting the significance of the role of communications in the growth of capitalism and empire, and drawing also on advances in science and the understanding of the natural world. One of the debutant concepts of communication, developed by the French philosopher Claude Henri de Saint Simon (1760 – 1825), used the analogy of the living organism, posing that the development of a system of communication route (roads, canals, and railways) and a credit system (banks) was crucial for and industrializing society and that the circulation of money, for example, was equivalent to that of blood for the human heart (Mattelart and Mattelart 1998).
In the 20th century, theories of international communication evolved into a discrete discipline within the new social sciences, and in each era have prefaced contemporary concerns about political, economic and technological changes and their impact on society and culture. In the early 20th century during and after the First World War, a debate took place about the role of communication in propagating the competitive economic and military objectives of the imperial powers, exemplified in the work of Walter Lippman on “public opinion” (1922) and Harold Laswell on “war time propaganda” (1927).
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Which Political Party Can Fight for Lifting Ban of From the Maoist Party Against Congress and Bjp In Indian Parliament?
Samajvadi Party (SP), Bahujan Samaj Party(BSP), Janata Dal(U)(JDU), Rashtriya Janata Dal(RJD), Trinamul Congress, Telangana Rashtra Samithy(TRS), Nationalist Congress Party(NCP)CPI, or CPM?
State kills the dissents, rebels and revolutionaries since many centuries. The Problem is how the State could be Defeated by the Armed Rebellions and Armed revolutionaries whose fight against the state is also continuing on many names in many forms since many centuries. Still this question is Unresolved by the Intellectuals, Fighters, Philosophers, Armed Party Leaders in India. Not Only In India, it is a question in Many Parts of the world. Science and Technology, Arms,Armies, Intelligence, Informers, Hinduist-anti-Revolutionary Forces, and Millions of Millions of Rupees along with the Support of Super Power against small group of People wondering in the deep forests carrying old and snatched weapons with empty stomachs without rest and sleep for many months and years. Resulting Encounters, Killing them in Encounters. When these voices would take shape of the Armed Revolutionaries?
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A nature of Poet is when s/he sees the dead body, laying before, they Tries in thinking how to describe it Poetically for the People. This Much of contribution to the dead Body is Right.
A nature of Humanist who sees the same dead body, laying before Him, Starts thinking for completion of its last rituals by calling and collecting the relatives of the dead person. This too is very nice to see him. A nature of Political Leader who also sees the same dead body, he starts thinking how to call the Press and Media and speaks for justice to the blood relations in the form of Compensation to the deceased family.
A nature of SHO/Police Officer who comes at the dead body, tries to collect the statements from the relatives and Political leaders of the ruling Party to prepare FIR and sends the dead body to the Post mortem after assurance of some amount from the relatives after all formalities. A nature of advocate who sees the same dead body and asks the relatives of the dead person for filing a suit in the court for compensation against Insurance office. In this way all the Professionals according to their duties they does their work for them to Complete the last rituals to the dead.
Continue reading “Professionalism of Careerists Serfdom in Political Executions’ Era”
Lying with statistics has always been part of politics, but it has perhaps become more prevalent as we have become more mathematically illiterate as a people. In fact, 65.7% of statistic are just plain false. Okay, I invented that one – but to make a point. One of the easiest ways to lie with statistics is to make them up. Being “precise” makes them more believable too, which is why I didn’t round that off to 67%.
Watch for unrealistically precise figures when you read or here statistics. Nobody can actually say to the nearest hundredth of a percent how overweight a population is, for example, or exactly how many homeless people there are. But what else should you watch for?
Here’s an small example pulled from a magazine I was reading. The May 2008 issue of Sierra Magazine had a small piece on the “hyper-consumptive, carbon spewing ways” of Western countries,” with the following quote: “Stephen Pacala, director of the Princeton Environmental Institute, claims that the planets richest 700 million people – a mere 7% of the world’s population – are responsible for half of the global greenhouse-gas emissions produced by fossil fuels.” Notice that if 700 million is 7% of the world’s population, we suddenly have 10 billion people in the world. The actual figure was about 6.7 billion as of 2008.
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Lets face it, there are always going to be politics at the office and the best thing you can do is to learn how to play the game. Here are our ten tips to help you win at office politics and still gain other colleagues respect.
1. Emotional intelligence – Work with emotional intelligence. Do not personalise problems – it’s not about you, but about work. You do not have to be best friends to work with a work colleague. Learn to get along and work with people who appear not to like you or whom you may not like.
2. Be a team player – Take the initiative and offer your help when someone in your team is struggling. This is a good way to build a working relationship or break the ice with someone you don’t have a rapport with. They will be very grateful for your help.
Continue reading “10 Ways to Win at Office Politics”